World Bank

Topics

Topic 1 Considering measures to prevent reverse graduation into the International Development Association (IDA)
Topic 2 How to achieve social development and economic growth of underdeveloped areas through electrification schemes?

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Committee Description

The World Bank is an international bank whose main goals are to end extreme poverty within a generation and boost shared prosperity. It was set up at the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944, is located in Washington DC and is traditionally presided by an American, although at the moment that is Jim Yong Kim. The institution is working on trying to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and wants to achieve this through helping countries to become good places for investment, create jobs and promote sustainable growth via the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association which focuses mainly on poverty reduction in the poorest countries. Voting powers in the two organizations of the World Bank are proportional to the shares the respective countries have in the capital of the World Bank, leading to developing countries having little saying.

Topic 1 | Considering measures to prevent reverse graduation into the International Development Association (IDA) 

The International Development Association (IDA) was established in 1959 as a sub-organ of the World Bank in order to provide access to low-interest loans for less economically developed countries that would have difficulty accessing loans from other creditors. Member States of the World Bank are eligible for IDA loans based on an assessment by the IDA that considers per capita income, creditworthiness and performance. At present 81 Member States are eligible for IDA loans, whilst 36 have graduated, meaning that they have improved the development status such that they are no longer eligible for IDA loans. However, eight countries have reverse graduated into eligibility for IDA loans. Thus, it is important to consider what the IDA can do to prevent the future prospect of current debtor Member States from reverting to IDA eligibility, and what the World Bank can do to to address the issues faced by newly-graduated Member States.

Topic 2 | How to achieve social development and economic growth of underdeveloped areas through electrification schemes?

Despite the importance of electricity services for economic and social development, about 1.1 billion people lack access to them. In that light, the WB Organisation, aiming at improving living conditions and enhancing the potential of third world regions to achieve sustainable development, has launched numerous electrification projects world-wide. The primary objectives of these electrification schemes is to increase the capacity, efficiency, and quality of electricity supply. However,the collateral developmental benefits often cited as possibly due to electrification are numerous. Our aim is to detect these benefits and examine how they can contribute to boosting the economy of these regions. Therefore, we can ensure that the access to electricity is not only a matter of “turning on the lights” in under-developed regions but a means of economic growth and prosperity to their societies.

Country Matrix

Algeria Algeria Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bolivia Brazil Brazil Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Cape Verde Cape Verde Cameroon Cameroon
Central African Republic Central African Republic Chad Chad Chile Chile China China Colombia Colombia Egypt Egypt
Ethiopia Ethiopia France France Germany Germany Haiti Haiti Honduras Honduras India India
Indonesia Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iran Jamaica Jamaica Japan Japan Kenya Kenya Libya Lybia
Mali Mali Mexico Mexico Morocco Morocco Mozambique Mozambique Namibia Namibia Niger Niger
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Republic of Congo Russian Federation Russian Federation South Africa South Africa United Kingdom United Kingdom United States USA

Chairs

Leander Stähler

Chair

My name is Leander Stähler, and I am originally from Germany. I study European Law at the University of Maastricht, the Netherlands. I am delighted to be one of the World Bank chairs at KAMUN this year. I have been involved with MUN for the last five years, at high school as well as at university. I was previously been a delegate at various conferences in addition to being one of the conference managers of KAMUN last year. This will be my first formal chairing experience, and I am excited to grasp the opportunity. This year’s KAMUN motto of “Broader than Borders” reflects the universality of the issues that must be faced by international organisations; I am sure that our topics will be able to address this concept through the economic scope of the World Bank. I look forward to seeing eager debate this November in Karlsruhe 🙂

Tatiana Goudas

Chair

My name is Tatiana Goudas and I come from Greece. I am currently pursuing my Bachelors degree in Mathematics at the university of Patras. My first simulation was back in 2014 in Euroscola in Strasbourg. Since then I have participated in various simulations where I had the pleasure of making great friendships.Besides my true love, mathematics, Ι have a profound interest for the political science. In the future I would like to focus on the mathematical explanation of various political phenomena as well as the impact economic indicators have on policy making, but that’s yet a long way down, at the moment I am still learning and having fun. World Bank is a unique committee that simulates the proceedings of one of the most important international organisations combating poverty worldwide and I hope you find the prospect of discussing ways to eliminate poverty and achieve sustainable development in third-world regions as challenging and at the meantime as exciting as I do. As one of the chairs of the World Bank at KAMUN 2017 it my pleasure to welcome you at our committee with a quote by Samora Machel that I think encompasses the underlying principles of the WB’s efforts: “International solidarity is not an act of charity, it is an act of unity between different allies fighting on deferent terrains towards the same objective. The foremost of these objectives is to aid the development of humanity to the highest possible level.” I look forward to meeting you all in Karlsruhe this November.