World Health Organization

Topics

Topic 1 Creating a framework for the development of new antibiotics
Topic 2 Preventing the global spread of infectious diseases via air travel

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Committee Description

The World Health Organization (WHO) is striving to build a better, healthier future for people all over the world. Working through offices in more than 150 countries, WHO staff work side by side with governments and other partners to ensure the highest attainable level of health for all people.The WHO strives to combat diseases – infectious diseases like influenza and HIV and noncommunicable ones like cancer and heart disease. They help mothers and children survive and thrive so they can look forward to a healthy old age. They ensure the safety of the air people breathe, the food they eat, the water they drink – and the medicines and vaccines they need.

Topic 1 | Creating a framework for the development of new antibiotics

Antimicrobial resistance is threatening the management of many infections such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. In the past, resistance could be handled by development of new drugs against resistant microbes. Today, the worldwide healthcare focuses on containing and preventing the growth of resistances, e.g. through reducing the use of antibiotics in agriculture or educating doctors about their correct indication.
However, the need for new antibiotics is still urgent, but pharmaceutical industries have reduced their research efforts in infections significantly. Reasons especially are the high risk and costs in the complex development process and the low financial incentive resulting out of the very restricted and short-term use of those antibiotics. It seems as if the market cannot solve this problem without initiatives by the international community.
To avoid a serious threat to public health, all relevant actors must find quick solutions to this problem. To find a consensus in the field of clinical trial regulations, patent law, entrepreneurial freedom and risk and authorities interference, the WHO must bring all states together to set new standards.

Topic 2 | Preventing the global spread of infectious diseases via air travel

The increased use of air travel as a method of transportation within the last century has led to germs and diseases spreading rapidly across the globe. Empirical data on when and where diseases are observed in different countries can be traced back to flight routes, which has notably led to travel bans being spelled out by several western countries during the recent Ebola outbreak in 2014 or the H1N1 pandemic of 2009. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of travel restrictions is often called into question by experts who simultaneously criticize the lack of international, standardized norms concerning the issue. Regulations on how passengers are tested for disease before travelling are currently lacking, as well a debate about which check-ups and controls are reasonable while taking privacy concerns into account. However, with more than 2.8 billion people travelling by commercial aircraft every year and a subsequently rising danger of pandemics the need for the international community to find effective preventative measures is indeed urgent.

Country Matrix

Algeria Algeria Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bolivia Brazil Brazil Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Cape Verde Cape Verde Cameroon Cameroon
Central African Republic Central African Republic Chad Chad Chile Chile China China Colombia Colombia Egypt Egypt
Ethiopia Ethiopia France France Germany Germany Haiti Haiti Honduras Honduras India India
Indonesia Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iran Jamaica Jamaica Japan Japan Kenya Kenya Libya Lybia
Mali Mali Mexico Mexico Morocco Morocco Mozambique Mozambique Namibia Namibia Niger Niger
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Republic of Congo Russian Federation Russian Federation South Africa South Africa United Kingdom United Kingdom United States USA

Chairs

Jeremy Schmidt

Chair

Hi everyone!
My name is Jeremy, I’m 22 years old and currently studying medicine in my ninth semester in the wonderful city of Heidelberg, which I can only highly recommend you to visit in line with your travel to Karlsruhe.
KAMUN 2017 will be my 16th MUN conference in total and fourth KAMUN in a row. I have surely been infected by the MUN spirit and just love the combination of interesting political discussions to getting to know various great students from all kind of origins.
In my free time I love football and basketball, being a huge supporter of Hamburger SV (Karlsruhe buries great memories :D). Also, I’m active in organizing Heidelberg National MUN, always in January, and in an education network concerning organ donation.
I’m highly anticipating the weekend in November and can only promise to do my best to ensure an intensive, interesting, and most important fun committee in Karlsruhe!

Rachel Behring

Chair

Dear delegates,

As one of the chairs of this year’s WHO at KAMUN 2017 I feel so excited to welcome you to our committee. For sure, you are already just as keen to start the conference as we are. Whether you have only just recently entered the colorful world of MUNs or have already gained some experience as a delegate, my co-chair Jeremy and I, will do our very best to make your experience as rewarding, valuable, interesting, informative, but above all as fun as possible for every single one of you. And what better way could there be to collect those experiences than as a delegate of the World Health Organization, discussing health issues of utmost importance and trying to find constructive solutions to actual real-world problems that potentially endanger the well-being or even the lives of humans across the globe? It goes without saying that this will be a challenging task, but it also makes for the charm of the WHO that you will not only need diplomatic skills, the ability to convince your fellow delegates of your point of view and the background knowledge about the respective issues, but that you will actually need to collectively find enduring solutions that provide the scientific, technical, logistic or financial potential to solve issues that have not yet been tackled.
As for me, I discovered my passion for MUNs while taking up my studies of International Relations at the Technical University of Dresden. After having been actively involved in the organization of the Dresden Model United Nations 2017, called ElbMUN, and being now prospective Secretary General of ElbMUN 2018, I still believe that there could not be a more creative, insightful and challenging manner to fulfill my passion for world affairs and international politics. Apart from my weakness for MUNs, I am also involved in the work of a student’s organization providing support for refugees in Germany, I work for the faculty of international politics and have a passion for running and basketball.
But even though you should not hesitate to ask me for advice or help before and throughout the conference, at KAMUN the spotlight will be entirely on you delegates.

Let’s have an amazing KAMUN 2017 together!