Committees

Each committee will be moderated and instructed by two chairs. Their responsibility consists in ensuring the compliance of the rulebook by every delegate throughout debating time. Whenever the committee tends to get stuck, the chairs should make use of their guidance wisely and make sure that the committee is heading towards a resolution on the issue.

Crisis committees are special because they do not have a parallel in the real United Nations. Instead, the Joint Crisis Committee strives to teach diplomacy, cooperation and political debate through the simulation of an invented crises which is occurring in the very moment. These can be wars, threats of war and diplomatic conflicts between various states and non-state actors. The delegate’s role is to ensure the best outcome for their country/position and, if possible, to change the outcome of the crisis for the better.
The United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers include calling on disputing parties to settle conflicts by peaceful means, authorising the imposition of sanctions, establishing peacekeeping operations and interfering militarily in order to restore international peace. The Security Council consists of 5 permanent members (US, China, Russia, UK, and France) and 10 non-permanent members that are elected once in 2 years. Since its foundation after World War II the SC deployed military forces and peacekeeping missions.
La Convention-cadre des Nations unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC) a été adoptée au cours du Sommet de la Terre de Rio de Janeiro en 1992 par 154 États auxquels il faut ajouter la totalité des membres de la Communauté européenne. Elle est entrée en vigueur le 21 mars 1994. En 2004, elle était ratifiée par 189 pays, en 2015 on recense 195 pays. La CCNUCC est la première tentative, dans le cadre de l’ONU, de mieux cerner ce qu’est le changement climatique et comment y remédier. L’organe suprême est la Conférence des Nations unies sur les changements climatiques, qui prend la forme d’une conférence des parties (COP). Elle est composée de 197 États parties et vérifie leur bonne application des objectifs de la Convention. Elle se réunit annuellement lors de conférences mondiales qui analysent les avancées de la convention et prend des décisions pour atteindre les objectifs de lutte contre les changements climatiques.
The Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) was founded in 1992 to herald a new age in the United Nations. It is a reflection of the UN’s increasing goal of employing science and technology to further its goals. The Commission has a serious responsibility to foresee the manifold implications that technology will have over the next decades.
The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, or ECOSOC, is one of the six main organs of the UN established by the UN Charter in 1946. It is the principal body of the UN for coordination, dialogue and solutions for issues concerning economic, social and environmental issues, and for implementation of globally agreed development goals. It also supervises the subsidiary and expert bodies in the fields mentioned above. The ECOSOC features 54 voting member states, including 14 African states, 11 Asian states, 6 Eastern European states, 10 Latin American and Caribbean states and 13 states of Western Europe and other states. The ECOSOC is the parent organ for eight functional commissions, five regional commissions, three standing committees, nine expert bodies and five other bodies.
The Human Rights Council (HRC) is responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly.