Each committee will be moderated and instructed by two chairs. Their responsibility consists in ensuring the compliance of the rulebook by every delegate throughout debating time. Whenever the committee tends to get stuck, the chairs should make use of their guidance wisely and make sure that the committee is heading towards a resolution on the issue.
Since we are still in the process of planning the conference, topics are very broad nevertheless we would like to give you a glimpse on what you can expect from KAMUN 2022 – The Black Forest Summit! Committees this year range from beginner-friendly to expert level!
Feel free to scroll down to check out the four committees of KAMUN 2022 !
United High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
MUN Refugee Challenge – Statelessness
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) data suggests that 10 million people in the world today are stateless, meaning they do not hold the nationality of any country. Without a nationality, stateless people are often denied their fundamental rights, from access to education, health care, and economic opportunities, to freedom of movement and protection from abuse. The vulnerability created by these human rights violations can result in higher rates of exploitation and incarceration of stateless people, also putting them at greater risk of gender-based violence and mental health issues. These phenomena spread beyond the individual scale as they are often root causes of widespread poverty, social unrest, displacement and conflict, making statelessness a scourge on society as a whole.
The challenge awaiting UNHCR delegates will be twofold, as their mission will consist in finding solutions to both eradicate statelessness and protect the rights of stateless people in the process. In order to address those weighty issues, delegates will be expected to come up with innovative, long-lasting solutions, finding the right balance between creativity and viability. From changing laws that create statelessness in the first place to protecting the social and economic rights of stateless people, the challenges of this committee will be manifold and require the support of local and international actors. Hopefully, the delegates will be up to that daunting task!
Economic and Financial Committee(ECOFIN)
Microfinance with a focus on women empowerment
The United Nations General Assembly Second Committee, the Economic and Financial Committee (ECOFIN), is one of the six main committees of the UNGA. It deals with global finance and economic matters. In this committee, the focus will be on investment in micro-finance programmes, which have increased in recent years. However, services such as loans, insurance, or savings are still considered to be biased when it comes to gender equality. The loans and savings facilities need improvement in order to empower women. Structural development should focus on the increasing benefits of women while ensuring effective strategies for diminishing poverty. To achieve financial sustainability, donors and NGOs should make the micro-finance process accessible for women.
In this committee the delegates will have to bridge financial needs and differences between the global north and the global south, while at the same time focusing on gender discrimination and equality. Focusing on tackling the SDGs 5, 8, and 10 will for sure spark interesting debates for the ECOFIN delegates.
Use of the arctic:
- Environmental Effects
The Arctic Council is an intergovernmental forum composed of Arctic bordering countries, (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States), the Arctics indigenous peoples as permanent representatives as well as observer states (France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, China, Poland, India, Korea, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom). Promoting cooperation and dialogue between member states is the Arctic Council’s main goal and has led to the negotiation of three legally binding agreements in the past (strengthening international cooperation on issues of search and rescue at sea, marine oil pollution, and scientific cooperation in the Arctic).
At KAMUN, delegates will discuss ways to ensure a sustainable use of the Arctic Marine Environment, an urgent issue, as the region belongs to those most impacted by climate change. With the ice cover of the Arctic decreasing however, new trade routes are being revealed and offer new opportunities for commercial use and economic exploitation of the Arctic Sea, as well as the potential for a militarization of the Artic Zone. Beginning commercial usage of these new routes may well cause lasting damage to the fragile ecosystem as well as the inhabitants of the Arctic.
While first steps towards a more sustainable use of the Arctic have been achieved through the Polar Code negotiated in working groups of the IMO, the need for more comprehensive and far-reaching legislation to protect the Arctic marine environment remains evident.
Historic United Nations Security Council
Expert – double-delegate
1995 Dayton Agreement
As defined in Chapter V of the UN Charter, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the UN’s key organs. Compared to other organs such as the General Assembly, the UNSC enjoys extended powers, as outlined in Chapter VII of the Charter. They include the imposition of sanctions on Member States and the deployment of peacekeeping forces. Composed of fifteen member states, its primary task is maintaining and establishing peace around the world. Ten of which are non-permanent members, which are granted membership for two years before a follow up will take their seat. Five members (the P5) however are permanently represented. They are the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, France, the Republic of China, the United States of America and the Russian Federation, as a P5 state they also reserve the right to veto any SC resolution. Member States and representatives of other UN bodies are often invited to the UNSC to answer to questions or give speeches.
In our International Press Corps, our delegates will have the opportunity to write editorials about the debates, to conduct interviews with the delegates, to lead press conferences and much more… The delegates will take up the role of one well-known international newspaper, hence representing their views and perspectives in their work! During the conference, the delegates will have the chance to influence the debates and collect high-level journalistic experience.