Each committee will be moderated and instructed by two chairs.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Execuive Committee (UNHCR ExCom) strives to ensure that everyone has the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to eventually return home, integrate or resettle. During times of displacement, UNHCR provides critical emergency assistance in the form of clean water, sanitation and healthcare, as well as shelter blankets, household goods and sometimes food. We also arrange transport and assistance packages for people who return home and income generating projects for those who resettle.
The United Nations General Assembly First Committee (DISEC) deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.
The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC) is one of the six main organs of the UN established by the UN Charter in 1946. It is the principal body of the UN for coordination, dialogue and solutions for issues concerning economic, social and environmental issues, and for implementation of globally agreed development goals. It also supervises the subsidiary and expert bodies in the fields mentioned above. The ECOSOC features 54 voting member states, including 14 African states, 11 Asian states, 6 Eastern European states, 10 Latin American and Caribbean states and 13 states of Western Europe and other states. The ECOSOC is the parent organ for eight functional commissions, five regional commissions, three standing committees, nine expert bodies and five other bodies.
As defined in Chapter V of the UN Charter, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the UN’s key organs. Compared to other organs such as the General Assembly, the UNSC enjoys extended powers, as outlined in Chapter VII of the Charter. They include the imposition of sanctions on Member States and the deployment of peacekeeping forces. Composed of fifteen member states, its primary task is maintaining and establishing peace around the world. Ten of which are non-permanent members, which are granted membership for two years before a follow up will take their seat. Five members (the P5) however are permanently represented. They are the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, France, the Republic of China, the United States of America and the Russian Federation, as a P5 state they also reserve the right to veto any SC resolution. Member States and representatives of other UN bodies are often invited to the UNSC to answer to questions or give speeches.