Committees – KaMUN X
06-08th November 2020 | Karlsruhe, Germany | 55€

Committees

Each committee will be moderated and instructed by two chairs. Their responsibility consists in ensuring the compliance of the rulebook by every delegate throughout debating time. Whenever the committee tends to get stuck, the chairs should make use of their guidance wisely and make sure that the committee is heading towards a resolution on the issue.

The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva. The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly. The Human Rights Council replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.

The United Nations General Assembly Third Committee (SOCHUM) deals with agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. The Committee also discusses questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice, and international drug control.

The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC) is one of the six main organs of the UN established by the UN Charter in 1946. It is the principal body of the UN for coordination, dialogue and solutions for issues concerning economic, social and environmental issues, and for implementation of globally agreed development goals. It also supervises the subsidiary and expert bodies in the fields mentioned above. The ECOSOC features 54 voting member states, including 14 African states, 11 Asian states, 6 Eastern European states, 10 Latin American and Caribbean states and 13 states of Western Europe and other states. The ECOSOC is the parent organ for eight functional commissions, five regional commissions, three standing committees, nine expert bodies and five other bodies.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health. The WHO Constitution, which establishes the agency’s governing structure and principles, states its main objective as „the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.“ It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide. The WHO’s broad mandate includes advocating for universal healthcare, monitoring public health risks, coordinating responses to health emergencies, and promoting human health and well-being. It provides technical assistance to countries, sets international health standards and guidelines, and collects data on global health issues through the World Health Survey. Its flagship publication, the World Health Report, provides expert assessments of global health topics and health statistics on all nations. The WHO also serves as a forum for summits and discussions on health issues.

As defined in Chapter V of the UN Charter, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the UN’s key organs. Compared to other organs such as the General Assembly, the UNSC enjoys extended powers, as outlined in Chapter VII of the Charter. They include the imposition of sanctions on Member States and the deployment of peacekeeping forces. Composed of fifteen member states, its primary task is maintaining and establishing peace around the world. Ten of which are non-permanent members, which are granted membership for two years before a follow up will take their seat. Five members (the P5) however are permanently represented. They are the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, France, the Republic of China, the United States of America and the Russian Federation, as a P5 state they also reserve the right to veto any SC resolution. Member States and representatives of other UN bodies are often invited to the UNSC to answer to questions or give speeches.